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关于河道治理工程中,不同生态驳岸优劣性分析!

发布日期:2019-04-17 作者: 点击:

关于河道治理工程中,不同生态驳岸优劣性分析!


不同生态驳岸劣性分析

BOAN,YEJIUSHIWOMENTONGCHANGSHUODEHEDAOHUPO, ZHUYAOSHIZHIYANHEDIMIANYIXIAJIANZAODEGOUZHUWU, DUIHEANQIZHEZHONGYAODEBAOHUZUOYONG。ERSHENGTAIBOAN,YEJIUSHIZHIJUYOUSHENGTAIJIAZHIDEBOAN, XIANGDUIYUCHUANTONGBOANERYAN, SHENGTAIBOANBUGUANSHIZAITISHENGGUANGANHAISHIZAIPINGHENGSHENGTAIQUANFANGMIAN, DOUTIXIANCHUGENGDAJIAZHI。ZHEISANZHONGSHENGTAIBOANZAIHEDAOZHILIZHONGGEJUYOULIE, ZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONG,ZHIYOUJIEHEHEDAOGONGCHENGSHIJIJIZHILIYAOQIUHELIYUNYONG, CAINENGSHIXIANHEDAOGONGCHENGJINGJIXIAOYIYUSHENGTAIXIAOYISHUANGZHONGMUBIAO。

MUQIANSHENGTAIBOANZHUYOU

SHENGTAIDAIDANGQIANG

ZIQIANSHIDANGQIANG

SHILONGDANGQIANG

( YI) ZIQIANSHIDANGQIANG

ZIQIANSHIDANGQIANGMIANBANYOUGUIGEXIANGTONGDEHUNNINGTUZIQIANKUAIGOUCHENG, JIAJINCAILIAOZHUYAOYITUGONGGEPENGWEIZHU, SHUYUROUXINGDANGTUJIEGOU, QIDANGTUZUOYONGDEFAHUIZHUYAOSHIJIEZHUJINDAIHETUTIMOCAJIJINDAIHEMIANBANZHIJIANDELAJIELI。ZAIZIQIANSHIDANGQIANGJIEGOUZHONG, ZIQIANKUAITITONGGUOTAIJIEHESUNJIESHIXIANLIANJIE, QIEQIKUAISHANGYOUTUQIZHUJIUJIXIEHUSUO,KEYISHIJIECHUMIANJIANQIEQIANGDUTISHENGDAOZUIDACHENGDU。TONGSHI,WEIDADAOGENGHAOKANGQINGFUZUOYONG, QIANGTIPODUDEZHONGXINYEHUIZUOXIANGYINGGAIBIAN。ZAIYULIUKONGCHULIFANGMIAN, ZETONGGUOXIANGJIAOBANGJINXINGLIANJIE, CONGERXINGCHENGSHUIPINGTUILI。CIWAI,QIANGHOUSHUIYALIJINGUOCUGULIAOPAISHUICENGHOUYEHUIDEDAOYOUXIAOJIANGDI。

ZIQIANSHIDANGQIANGZAIHEDAOZHILIZHONGDEYOUSHIZHUYAOTIXIANZAILIANGGEFANGMIAN: 

YISHIZAIYUZHIHUNNINGTUZHONGKEYIYULIUKONGXI, ZHEISHIZHILIANGCENGMIANYOUSHIDETIXIAN; 

ERSHIJUYOUTOUSHUIXINGNENGQIANGTEDIAN, KEKUAISUSHIYINGCHENJIANGWENTI。

ERZIQIANSHIDANGQIANGYECUNZAIBUZUZHICHU,BAOKUONAIJIUXINGJIKANGCHONGSHUANNENGLINANYIBAOZHANG、 JUBUPOSUNDUIZHENGTIXINGNENGYINGXIANGDA、 HOUQIWEIXIUKUNNANDENG。

CONGMUQIANYINGYONGQINGKUANGKAN,ZIQIANSHIDANGQIANGZAIYINGYONGTIAOJIANFANGMIANYAOQIUSHUILIUXIANGDUIPINGWEN,YINCIZAISHANQUHEDAOZHILIZHONGYINGYONGBINGBUPUBIAN, ZAIKAOLIANGNAIJIUXINGDEJICHUSHANG,YINGYONGFANWEIYOUDAITUOKUAN。

自嵌式挡土墙主要包括景观挡墙和植生挡墙两种植生挡墙主要应用于河道和水下, 不仅能够促进水植物生长,而且还具有净化水环境的作用, 可谓具有双向优势。

另一方面,在自嵌式挡墙应用过程中, 设计人员可结合景观设计要求对面板的造型进行灵活布局,从而使其更具艺术性。

( ER) SHILONGDANGQIANG

石笼挡土墙是一种通过借助孔隙,来实现河流调节和分配的驳岸,其基于力学性能而设计。

 CONGYUNYONGSHIJIQINGKUANGLAIKAN,SHILONGDANGTUQIANGYOUSHIZHUYAOTIXIANZAI: 

( 1) KEYIDIAOJIEHEFENPEIHELIUSHUI, TOUSHUIXINGNENGHAO,LIYUTUTISHUIFENDEPAICHU,CONGERJIANXIAODIXIASHUIYALI。

( 2) KEYIGENGHAOBAOCHISHUILIUWENDINGXING,ZHEIZHUYAOSHIYOUYUQINRUQIANGHOUTUTIDEDIBIAOSHUIKEYITONGGUOQITIPAICHU。

( 3) ZAIYINGDUIHEDAOTUTIXIACHENQINGKUANGFANGMIAN, JIEGOUNENGGOUGENJUTUTICHENXIANQINGKUANGJINXINGZIWODIAOJIE,CONGERBIMIANDUISHENGTAIBOANCHANSHENGDADEGANRAOJIPOHUAI。DANSHITONGYANGSHILONGDANGTUQIANGYEYOULIESHI: 

( 1) ZAIHESHUIDEZHANGQICHONGSHUAXIA,XINGNENGWENDINGXINGNANYIBAOZHANG。

( 2) WEIQUEBAOGONGCHENGZHENGTIQIANGDUHEZHILIANG,ZAISHILONGWANGPIANZHIZUOGUOCHENGZHONGXUYAOTUMOREDUXINDITANGANGSI, SUIRANDITANGANGSISUOJUYOUDEWANZHENGXINGJISHIDUBIANXINGXINGKEYIYOUXIAOJIANGDISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGGANGSIDUANLIEDUIZHENGTIQIANGTIJIEGOUDEYINGXIANG, DANSHIZAISHITOUDEMOCAXIA,WANGGERONGYICHUXIANPOLIE, CONGERYINGXIANGJIEGOUGONGNENG。

( 3) ZAILIYONGSHILIAOTIANCHONGFANGSHITISHENGFANGHUXIAOGUODEGUOCHENGZHONG, DUISHIKUAIDEYINGDU、 LIJINGJITIJIDENGYOUJIAOGAODEYAOQIU,RUGUOBUNENGMANZUYOUGUANTIANCHONGYAOQIU, ZAIZHANGQIDESHUILIUCHONGSHUAZHONG,SHIKUAIJIUHUITONGGUOSHILONGWANGKONGERLIUSHI。

CIWAI, ZAISHILONGDANGTUQIANGYINGYONGGUOCHENGZHONG,HUIYONGDAOJIAODUODESHILIAO, ZAIJIASHANGDUISHIKUAIYAOQIUGAOHEYUNSHUNANDUDADENGWENTI,DAOZHIZHEIZHONGBOANFANGSHIZAISHILIAOFENGFUDEDIQUQIYOUSHICAINENGDEDAOGENGDAFAHUI,ERZAIQITADIFANGDEYINGYONGBINGBUSUANGUANGFAN。

XIANGBIYUQITASHENGTAIBOANERYAN, SHILONGDANGTUQIANGSHIHEDAOHEHUPOZHONGYINGYONGJIAOWEIPUBIANDEYIZHONG。DANSHICONGSHENGTAIDEJIAODUKAOLV, YOUYUQIDUIZHIWUSHENGZHANGHUANJINGDEPOHUAIJIAOWEIYANZHONG, YINCIYAODADAOGENGHAODESHENGTAIJINGGUANXIAOGUO, JIUXUYAOCAIQUYIDINGDEBUJIUCUOSHI,BIRUTONGGUODUISHILONGJINXINGFUTUHUOSHIFENGXITIANCHONGCHULIYIJIEZHUWEISHENGWUZUOYONGLAITISHENGBIAOTUDESONGRUANDUJIYINGYANGCHENGFEN,CONGERGAISHANZHIWUSHENGZHANGHUANJING。LINGWAI,SHEJIRENYUANYEKEJIYUDANGTUQIANGSHANGBUHOUMIANTUTIDEXINGNENGHEYOUSHIKAOLVJINXINGPANYUANXINGZHIWUSHEJIHEZHONGZHI, SHIQIYIDANGQIANGWEIZAITIJINXINGPANYUAN,CONGERSHIXIANZAIMANZUHEDAOZHILIYAOQIUDEJICHUSHANG,DADAOTISHENGSHENGTAIJINGGUANXIAOGUODEMUDE。

( SAN) SHENGTAIDAIDANGQIANG

SUOWEISHENGTAIDAIDANGQIANG, 

SHIYIZHONGLIYONGWANGLEIXINGJIEKOUDANTI

JINXINGQIHELIANJIEERXINGCHENGZHENGTIDEHUPOJIEGOU,

SHUYUZHONGLISHIDANGQIANG。

ZHEIZHONGSHENGTAIBOANZUIWEITUCHUDEYOUDIANWEISHOUWAIBUHUANJINGYAOSUYINGXIANGXIAO, QIEKEYIYOUXIAOFANGZHIBINGCHONGHAIJISUANJIANYANDEQINSHI,ZAIWEISHENGWUFENJIEFANGMIANYEYOUYIDINGYOUSHI。DUIYUSHENGTAIDAIDANGQIANGDEQUEXIAN, ZHUYAOTIXIANZAIJIEGOUBIANXINGFANGMIAN:

 ( 1) ZAISHEJIJIEDUANZHONG,YOUYUDAINEITUTIGUJIECHENGDUBUGOU, YINCIZAIYUSHUIDEZUOYONGXIAHUIJINXINGXIANGYINGGUJIE,DAOZHIZAISHUZHIFANGXIANGWEIYIDECHANSHENG; 

( 2) YOUYUSHENGTAIDAIBENSHENJUYOUYIDINGDETOUSHUIXING,YINCIDUIWANGGEYOUJIAOGAODEGUIGEYAOQIU, RUGUOKONGJINGGUODA,TUTIZAIZHANGQIYUSHUIJIHELIUCHONGSHUAZHONGJIUHUILIUSHIYANZHONG, JINERYINGXIANGJIEGOULIXUEXINGNENG, SHENZHIDAOZHITANTA; ERRUGUODAITIDEKONGJINGGUOXIAO, YOURONGYICHUXIANTUTIDUSAIERYINGXIANGSHENGTAIDAIDETOUSHUIXINGJIZHILIANG; 

( 3) ZAIBIANPOJINGSHUIYALIZENGJIAQINGKUANGXIA,SHUITOUCHUKUNNANERSHIGUYOUSHOULIJIEGOUSHOUDAOYINGXIANG, JINERDAOZHIROUXINGBIANPOJIEGOUWENDINGXINGFASHENGBIANHUA。SHENGTAIDAIDANGTUQIANGJIEGOUXINGNENGDEJUXIANXING,XIANZHILEQIYINGYONGFANWEIDETUOZHAN, YINCIMUQIANZHEIZHONGSHENGTAIBOANJINZAIHEDAOHUPOYINGYONG。

SANZHONGSHENGTAIBOANZAIHEDAOZHILIZHONGDEYOULIESHIDUIBI

JIYUYISHANGSANZHONGSHENGTAIBOANYOULIEXINGDEFENXI, KEYIDECHUYIXIABIDUIJIEGUO: 

( 1) ZIQIANSHIDANGQIANGJUYOUZUIGAOSHIYINGXING, FANGANSHEJILINGHUOXINGYEJIAOGAO,ZAITISHENGMEIGANFANGMIANJIAOYOUYOUSHI, DANQICUNZAIKANGCHONGSHUALIBUZU、 RONGYIDAOZHIXINGNENGXIAJIANGDENGWENTI; 

( 2) SHILONGDANGQIANGMEIGUANDUZUICHUSE, DANZAOJIAJIAOGAO,QIEXINGNENGXIAJIANGWENTIYEJIAOWEITUCHU,YINCIZAISHUILIUSUDUJIAOHUANMANDEXIAOXINGHEDAO、 JINGGUANHEDAODEZHILIGONGZUOZHONGJIAOWEISHIYONG; 

( 3) SHENGTAIDAIDANGQIANGJUYOUTISHENGLVHUASHUIPING、 ZHANGQIGAISHANHEDAOJING、 WEIHUFEIYONGDIDENGYOUSHI, DANSHOUSHIYONGCHUQIGUANGANBUZUWENTIXIANZHI,YINGYONGFANWEIWANGWANGYEXIANYULIUSUJIAOHUANMANDEHELIUZHILIGONGZUOZHONG。



(BENWENNEIRONGLAIYUANYUWANGLUO,RUYOUQINQUANQINGLIANXISHANCHU)

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